Located about 20 kilometres from the centre of Tunis, the site of Carthage, once forgotten, is now famous around the world. With its glorious but tormented past, the city, founded by the Phoenician Princess Elissa almost 3,000 years ago, reveals the traces of its history to visitors, reminding us that, here, the fate of the Mediterranean was played out.
Meaning ‘new town' in Phoenician, Carthage became, thanks to its position in the Gulf of Tunis, the centre of a major trading empire covering the whole Mediterranean basin. During the Punic Wars, the city occupied territories belonging to Rome, which finally destroyed it in 146 BC. The Romans later built a second Carthage on the ruins of the first in the first century AD.
Among the ruins, do not miss the Odeon (a small theatre-like space used for music), the larger theatre, and the Antonine Baths. Stroll among the ruins and the marble rubble, lined with eucalyptus, pepper trees, bougainvillea, and mimosa, and appreciate the amazing view over the sea.