ÀUpon the death of his father, Nelson Mandela was adopted by the regent, Jongintaba who, a short time later, wished to arrange his marriage, which Mandela refused. He then fled to Johannesburg, ready to oppose the traditional customs of his people. In 1943, he joined the African National Congress, led by Alfred Xuma who, for the first time, fought not only against racial discrimination, but for political power. In his fight against apartheid, Mandela committed acts of bravery throughout the city where many monuments have been dedicated to him. The Nelson Mandela bridge is South Africa's largest cable-stayed bridge and crosses over 40 railway lines. To the north, Constitution Hill was once home to this famous activist, and to the south, the Apartheid Museum looks back at the phases of the establishment and the later challenge of this discriminatory separation. At the heart of this struggle, the Soweto district still remembers the violent riots of June 1976 and preserves the red brick house of this admirable man, father of the modern South African nation.